Money pouring in to VCTs, despite the risks
Investment in venture capital trusts (VCTs) is continuing to rise as we head in to 2019/20.
VCTs have been growing in popularity in recent years, as the graph shows*. Nearly £750 million was invested in VCTs in 2017/18, the highest figure since 2005/06, when the rate of income tax relief was temporarily boosted to 40% (against the current 30%).
There were two main reasons for the surge in popularity in the past couple of years:
The restrictions on the pension lifetime allowance and the annual allowance have meant that an increasing number of high earners have been seeking alternatives to pension contributions. With HMRC taking an ever-stronger stance towards tax avoidance schemes, VCTs are one of the few areas outside pensions where tax relief is available with a government stamp of approval.
Last summer the Treasury published a consultation paper on ‘patient capital’ that indicated new investment restrictions for all venture capital schemes. These details were confirmed in the 2018 Budget, but by then many VCTs had raised substantial funds helped by a buy-now-while-stocks-last message.
New restrictions on investment
The revised investment rules need to be borne in mind if you are thinking about investing in VCTs to reduce your 2018/19 tax bill, because they have made investment in VCTs more risky.
The Finance Act 2018 says that when a VCT invests in a company there must be “a significant risk that there will be a loss of capital of an amount greater than the net investment return”. It is therefore all the more important to choose your VCT provider(s) with care. An existing track record may have been based on an investment approach which would not satisfy the Finance Act 2018 rules.
For information on the VCTs currently available, please talk to us. Despite the risks, the tax advantages mean that the more attractive issues can disappear within days.
*Source: Pricewaterhousecoopers, Allenbridge, Trustnet, Investegate and London Stock Exchange VCTs information and news announcements
VCTs are specialist investments and not suitable for every investor. The value of tax reliefs depends on your individual circumstances.
VCT tax breaks are given because there is serious risk of loss, and limited access, to capital.
Tax laws can change.
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